According to the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS), in 2022 there were 16.1 million manufacturing workers age 16 and older in the United States, about 10.0% of the civilian workforce.
The ACS categorizes semiconductor workers under electronic component and product manufacturing. In 2022, there were 682,965 electronic component and product manufacturing workers or 4.2% of all manufacturing workers. The majority were non-Hispanic White (53.2%) and native born (67.4%).
Men accounted for around three-quarters of the electronic component and product manufacturing workforce (Table 1). Although women made up nearly half (47.3%) of the U.S. working population, they remained underrepresented in the manufacturing industry as well as in electronic component and product manufacturing.
One challenge for women entering and remaining in the labor force is access to child care.
The vast majority (70.5%) of women working in the electronic component and product manufacturing industry did not have children under 18 living with them. In 2022, about 19% of working women in this sector had their own children between ages 6 and 17 only, while a smaller percentage (6.5%) of working women had preschool age children (under 6) only.
To help recruit and support workers with children, particularly working women, semiconductor manufacturers seeking government incentives as part of the CHIPS Act are required to include a strategy for workers to access affordable, high-quality child care.